- Tuesday, January 27, 2009
- Static magnetic field selects undifferentiated myelomonocytes from low-glutamine concentration stimulated U937 cells.
- Published at:Not Found
Department of Biological and Environmental Science and Technology, University of the Salento, Via per Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy.
Reduced glutamine (GLN) concentration in the culture medium of a U937 cell line caused them to be differentiated along the monocytic pathway; cells attached to the matrix and to each other by extending pseudopodia and acquired specific functional characteristics, such as the expression of alpha-naphthyl-acetate esterase and the capacity to reduce nitroblue tetrazolium, as well as becoming active phagocytes. When U937 cells were differentiated under continuous exposure to a 6mT static magnetic field (MF) the overall differentiation process was perturbed. Surprisingly, after 5 days' exposure to the static MF, higher cell viability and differentiation were observed in cells cultured in a GLN-deprived medium than in cells grown in the same medium but in the absence of a static MF. The latter cells, particularly those that were still floating in the medium, were stimulated with TPA for a further 3 days. These cells differentiated and attached to the substrate. Conversely, the same treatment applied to cells cultured in GLN-deprived medium in the presence of the static MF resulted in resistance to TPA-induced differentiation. Indeed, these cells exhibited a round shape and in-suspension growth.