An-Najah National University

Head of Department


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  • Tuesday, January 27, 2009
  • Static magnetic field selects undifferentiated myelomonocytes from low-glutamine concentration stimulated U937 cells.
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  • Tenuzzo B, Dwikat M, Dini L.

    Department of Biological and Environmental Science and Technology, University of the Salento, Via per Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy.


    Reduced glutamine (GLN) concentration in the culture medium of a U937 cell line caused them to be differentiated along the monocytic pathway; cells attached to the matrix and to each other by extending pseudopodia and acquired specific functional characteristics, such as the expression of alpha-naphthyl-acetate esterase and the capacity to reduce nitroblue tetrazolium, as well as becoming active phagocytes. When U937 cells were differentiated under continuous exposure to a 6mT static magnetic field (MF) the overall differentiation process was perturbed. Surprisingly, after 5 days' exposure to the static MF, higher cell viability and differentiation were observed in cells cultured in a GLN-deprived medium than in cells grown in the same medium but in the absence of a static MF. The latter cells, particularly those that were still floating in the medium, were stimulated with TPA for a further 3 days. These cells differentiated and attached to the substrate. Conversely, the same treatment applied to cells cultured in GLN-deprived medium in the presence of the static MF resulted in resistance to TPA-induced differentiation. Indeed, these cells exhibited a round shape and in-suspension growth.

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Majdi Bahjat Mohammad Dwikat
Biotechnology-Human Physiology
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