- Thursday, February 26, 2009
- Hussein AS, Smith AM, Chacón MR, Selkirk ME. Determinants of substrate specificity of a second non-neuronal secreted acetylcholinesterase from the parasitic nematode Nippostrongylus brasiliensis. Eur J Biochem. 2000 Apr;267(8):2276-82.
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We recently reported on a non-neuronal secreted acetylcholinesterase (AChE B) from the nematode parasite Nippostrongylus brasiliensis. Here we describe the primary structure and enzymatic properties of a second secreted variant, termed AChE C after the designation of native AChE isoforms from this parasite. As for the former enzyme, AChE C is truncated at the carboxyl terminus in comparison with the Torpedo AChE, and three of the 14 aromatic residues that line the active site gorge are substituted by nonaromatic residues, corresponding to Tyr70 (Ser), Trp279 (Asn) and Phe288 (Met). A recombinant form of AChE C was highly expressed by Pichia pastoris. The enzyme was monomeric and hydrophilic, and displayed a marked preference for acetylthiocholine as substrate. A double mutation (W302F/W345F, corresponding to positions 290 and 331 in Torpedo) rendered the enzyme 10-fold less sensitive to excess substrate inhibition and two times less susceptible to the bis quaternary inhibitor BW284C51, but did not radically affect substrate specificity or sensitivity to the 'peripheral site' inhibitor propidium iodide. In contrast, a triple mutant (M300G/W302F/W345F) efficiently hydrolysed propionylthiocholine and butyrylthiocholine in addition to acetylthiocholine, while remaining insensitive to the butyrylcholinesterase-specific inhibitor iso-OMPA and displaying a similar profile of excess substrate inhibition as the double mutant. These data highlight a conserved pattern of active site architecture for nematode secreted AChEs characterized to date, and provide an explanation for the substrate specificity that might otherwise appear inconsistent with the primary structure in comparison to other invertebrate AChEs.