An-Najah National University

Dr. Ghassan Ali Ameen Abu-Hijleh


  • Bookmark and Share Email
  • Saturday, January 1, 2000
  • Development of the bones and synovial joints in the rat model of the VATER association
  • Published at:J Orthop Sci. 2000;5(4):390-6
  • The adriamycin-induced rat model of the Vertebral, Anorectal, Tracheo-Esophageal, Radial and Renal (VATER) association produces a variety of vertebral, rib, and limb abnormalities. This study was designed to document accurately the nature of these abnormalities and to determine whether synovial joints are affected. Fetuses from pregnant Sprague Dawley rats that had received intraperitoneal injections of 1.75 mg/kg of adriamycin on days 6-9 or 10-13 of gestation were harvested. Double-stained skeletal preparations and histological sections were examined for vertebral, rib, and limb anomalies. The incidence of anomalies was high in the group treated on gestational days (GD) 6-9, while it was low in the GD 10-13 group. The length and thickness of the long bones were reduced, with bowing and reduction in their endochondral ossification. Sirenomelia occurred in the group treated on GD 6-9, and was often associated with a short tail and anal atresia. The joint cavities, and intra-articular structures such as menisci and the cruciate ligaments developed normally from the mesenchymal interzone. These data indicate that adriamycin inhibits skeletal growth and differentiation without any interference in the differentiation of the mesenchymal interzone, thus producing normal synovial joints.

  • Bookmark and Share Email
Leave a Comment


  • No Attachments Found for this Article


Dr. Ghassan Ali Ameen Abu-Hijleh
Show Full ProfileEnglish CV
Please do not email me if you do not know me
Please do not e-mail me if you do not know me