An-Najah National University

Amer El-Hamouz


  • Sunday, February 1, 2009
  • Dispersion of silicone oil in water surfactant solution: Effect of impeller speed, oil viscosity and addition point on drop size distribution
  • Published at:Not Found
  • The preparation of dilute aqueous silicone oil emulsions has been investigated with particular attention to the effect of oil viscosity (0.49–350 mPa s), impeller selection (equal diameter Sawtooth and pitched blade turbines) and the method of addition of the oil. Emulsification was found to be sensitive to how the oil was added to the vessel with narrower drop size distributions and smaller Sauter mean diameters, d32, obtained when the oil was injected into the impeller region. The equilibrium values were also attained in a shorter time with the equilibrium d32 ∝ We−0.6. For addition of the oil to the surface the relationship was weaker with equilibrium d32 ∝ We−0.4. The viscosity group was particularly useful in describing the behaviour of equilibrium particle sizes for different viscosity oils and also for viscosity changes arising from different process temperatures.
    An unexpected result is that the Sawtooth impellor proved to be more energetically efficient at drop brea
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  • Monday, December 29, 2008
  • Effect of cooling rate of pre-annealed CdS thin film electrodes prepared by chemical bath deposition: Enhancement of photoelectrochemical characteristics
  • Published at:Electrochimica Acta
  • Thin films of CdS, deposited by chemical bath deposition (CBD) onto films of fluorine-doped tin oxide/glass (glass/FTO) substrates were prepared and investigated for photoelectrochemical conversion (PEC) of light into electricity. Knowing the hazardous nature of CdS, the focal theme of this work was to modify the electrodes by simple economic ways to maximize their conversion efficiency and minimize their degradation under PEC conditions. This was to avoid leaching out of hazardous Cd2+ ions. Different parameters have been investigated for this purpose. Multi-deposition preparation, redox couple, and electrode etching affected electrode PEC characteristics. Consistent with earlier literature, annealing the electrode enhanced its conversion efficiency and stability. On the other hand, effect of cooling rate of pre-annealed CdS electrodes, prepared by CBD, on their PEC characteristics has been investigated here for the first time. Controlling the cooling rate was one major factor that affected CdS surface morph
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  • Sunday, July 1, 2007
  • Solid olive waste in environmental cleanup: Oil recovery and carbon production for water purification
  • Published at:Journal of Environmental Management, Volume 84, Issue 1, July 2007, Pages 83-92
  • A potentially-economic three-fold strategy, to use solid olive wastes in water purification, is presented. Firstly, oil remaining in solid waste (higher than 5% of waste) was recovered by the Soxhlet extraction technique, which can be useful for the soap industry. Secondly, the remaining solid was processed to yield relatively high-surface area active carbon (AC). Thirdly, the resulting carbon was employed to reversibly adsorb chromate ions from water, aiming to establish a water purification process with reusable AC. The technique used here enabled oil recovery together with the production of a clean solid, suitable for making AC. This process also has the advantage of low production cost.
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  • Monday, January 1, 2007
  • Chemical Reaction Engineering Analysis of the Blowout Process for Bromine Manufacture from Seawater
  • Published at:Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2007, 46 (10), pp 3008–3015
  • A chemical reaction engineering model has been constructed to describe the extraction and recovery of bromine from a once-through seawater flow. The process uses a closed-loop circulation flow of air. This strips out free bromine from pre-chlorinated seawater in a packed column. Bromine liberated into the gas reacts with injected sulfur dioxide around a circulation loop to form liquid droplets containing product hydrobromic acid captured by mist elimination. Excesses of chlorine and sulfur dioxide compete for bromine and can reduce the recovery efficiency. Pseudo-homogeneous gas-phase kinetics accounts for simultaneous absorption and gas−liquid reaction of liberated bromine, excess chlorine, and injected sulfur dioxide. Re-circulating sulfur dioxide subsequently absorbs and reacts simultaneously with bromine and chlorine stripping. Parameter values are deduced for typical bromine recovery of 70%. The model can be used for optimizing the excesses of chlorine and sulfur dioxide.
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  • Monday, January 1, 2007
  • Dye-effect in TiO2 catalyzed contaminant photo-degradation: Sensitization vs. charge-transfer formalism
  • Published at:Not Found
  • Anatase TiO2 surfaces have been treated with 2,4,6-triphenylpyrilium hydrogen sulfate (TPPHS) dye to yield the modified TiO2/TPPHS surface. The modified TiO2/TPPHS surface was then supported onto activated carbon (AC) surfaces to yield a new class of catalytic system AC/TiO2/TPPHS. The catalytic activities of naked TiO2, TPPHS solution, TiO2/TPPHS and AC/TiO2/TPPHS systems were examined in photo-degradation of phenol and benzoic acid in water, using both UV and visible regions. All studied systems showed low catalytic activity when used in the visible region. In UV, the AC/TiO2/TPPHS showed highest activity, whereas the naked TiO2 and TPPHS solutions were the least active systems. The dye role, in enhancing activity of modified surfaces in UV degradation of contaminants, is understandable by a charge-transfer catalytic effect rather than a sensitizing effect. AC role is explainable by its ability to adsorb contaminant molecules and bringing them closer to catalytic sites.

    Solid State Sciences, Vo
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Amer Mahmoud Hammoz
Reaction and Separation system
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