• Bookmark and Share Email
  • Thursday, March 25, 2010
  • Knowledge and practices of pesticide use among farm workers in the West Bank, Palestine: safety implications
  • Published at:Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine DOI: 10.1007/s12199-010-0136-3
  • Sa’ed H. Zyoud1, 2 , Ansam F. Sawalha1, Waleed M. Sweileh1, Rahmat Awang2, Suleiman I. Al-Khalil3, Samah W. Al-Jabi4 and Nihaia M. Bsharat3

    (1)  Poison Control and Drug Information Center (PCDIC), College of Pharmacy, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
    (2)  WHO Collaborating Centre for Drug Information, National Poison Centre, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Penang, Malaysia
    (3)  Medical Technology Department, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
    (4)  School of Pharmaceutical Science, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Penang, Malaysia

    Received: 30 October 2009  Accepted: 7 February 2010  Published online: 10 March 2010

    The objectives of this study were to assess the knowledge and practices associated with pesticide use in an agricultural community in Palestine, and to determine the prevalence of self-reported health symptoms related to pesticide exposure.
    In this cross-sectional questionnaire study, agricultural farm workers in Nablus district, Palestine, were interviewed on their knowledge and practices of pesticide use. Comparisons of knowledge and practices of pesticide use between various groups were performed using the Mann–Whitney U-test or the Kruskal–Wallis rank test of variance. The program of the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 15 was used for data analysis.
    The questionnaire was completed by 381 farm workers. The mean age ± SD of the participants was 38.8 ± 11.8 years. The majority (97.9%) of the participants were male. The mean participant scores for knowledge and safety procedures were 2.8 ± 3.2 out of 8 and 9.8 ± 2.4 out of 15, respectively. There was a significant positive correlation (r = 0.323; P < 0.001) between the knowledge and safety procedure scores. Unsafe behaviors were identified as the storage of pesticide products at home, the preparation of pesticides in the kitchen, inadequate disposal of empty pesticide containers, eating and drinking during pesticide application, and using inadequate protective clothing. The most frequent self-reported toxicity symptoms associated with pesticide use were skin rash (37.5%), headache (37%), excessive sweating (24.9%), and diarrhea (21.3%). There was a strong significant negative correlation (r = −0.83; P < 0.001) between self-reported toxicity symptoms and scores for protective measures.
    The results of this study indicate that most farm workers in this district need more educational programs regarding the safety and use of pesticides. Legislation promoting the use of safer pesticides is also needed.

    Keywords  Pesticide - Knowledge - Practice - Symptom - Palestine

  • Bookmark and Share Email
  • jud said...
  • بحث رائع
  • Wednesday, June 23, 2010
  • Kate Kuree said...
  • It was extremely interesting for me to read the post. Thanx for it. I like such topics and anything that is connected to this matter. I would like to read more soon. Kate Kuree <a href=\"http://nyescorts.net/\">teen escorts in new york</a>
  • Wednesday, January 19, 2011
  • راسم said...
  • رائع
  • Friday, October 21, 2011
  • راسم said...
  • رائع
  • Friday, October 21, 2011
Leave a Comment



Sa\'ed H. A. Zyoud, PhD, Assistant Professor of Clinical Pharmacy and Toxicology
Show Full ProfileEnglish CV



Please do not email me if you do not know me
Please do not e-mail me if you do not know me