• Bookmark and Share Email
  • Thursday, March 25, 2010
  • High prevalence of hypokalemia after acute acetaminophen overdose: Impact of psychiatric illness
  • Published at:Human and Experimental Toxicology, DOI: 10.1177/0960327110361759
  • Sa\'ed Zyoud1*, Rahmat Awang1, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman2, and Samah Al-Jabi3


    1 WHO Collaborating Centre for Drug Information, National Poison Centre, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Penang, Malaysia
    2 Clinical Pharmacy program, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Penang, Malaysia
    3 College of pharmacy, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine


    * To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: [email protected] .


    Background: Hypokalemia is not an isolated disease but an associated finding in a number of different diseases. It is also a commonly neglected condition among patients with acute acetaminophen overdose. Objectives: This study intended to determine the prevalence of hypokalemia and its clinical correlates in acute psychiatric illness among hypokalemic and normokalemic patients after acetaminophen overdose. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of hospital admissions for acute acetaminophen overdose conducted over a period of 5 years from 1 January 2004 to 31 December 2008. Demographic data and different types of psychiatric illness were compared between hypokalemic and normokalemic patients. Hypokalemia was predefined by a serum concentration <3.5 mmol/L. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 15 was used for data analysis. Results: Two hundred and eighty patients out of 305 admissions were studied. Hypokalemia was found in 63.6% of patients with a higher prevalence in the presence of psychiatric illness (67.7%). Hypokalemic patients were significantly associated with the presence of major depression (p = .04), adjustment disorder (p < .001), anxiety (p = .01), and suicidal attempts (p = .04). Conclusion: Hypokalemia was common among patients with psychiatric illness and acute acetaminophen overdose.


    Link: http://het.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/0960327110361759v1



  • Bookmark and Share Email
Leave a Comment


  • No Attachments Found for this Article


Sa\'ed H. A. Zyoud, PhD, Assistant Professor of Clinical Pharmacy and Toxicology
Show Full ProfileEnglish CV



Please do not email me if you do not know me
Please do not e-mail me if you do not know me