- Saturday, January 1, 2005
- Organic-Inorganic Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/V2O5 and Polypyrrole/g-Fe2O3 Nano-Hybrids as Lithium Insertion Electrodes”,
- Published at:Not Found
invited chapter in the book “Progress in Electrochemistry Research", Electrochemical Studies of Batteries (2005), 115-146., Novascience Publ., ISBN: 1-59454-329-1
A.V. Murugan, M. Quintin, C.W. Kwon, O. Devos, M.H. Delville, H. S. Hilal*, and G. Campet*, Nova Science Publishers, Inc., Hauppauge, NY, (Proof finally accepted June, 2005).
To develop new electrode materials for Li batteries, two different approaches are presented, namely: i) lamellar organic-inorganic hybrid materials synthesized by intercalation of monomeric units of a conductive polymer (intercalation approach); and ii) 3-dimensional transition-metal oxide nanoparticles coated by conductive polymer (core-shell approach).
The former intercalation approach is a straightforward method, in which poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene), PEDOT, has been inserted between the layers of V2O5 using a soft process of intercalation. The process takes place through an in-situ polymerization of EDOT within the framework of crystalline V2O5. The insertion reaction results in a random layer stacking structure, leading to broadening of the energy state distribution. Electrochemical measurements indicated that the new hybrids showed reversible specific capacities up to ~330 mAh/g at C/10 in the potential range 2.0-4.4 V (vs. Li+/Li). This improvement of electrochemical performance compared with pristine V2O5 is attributed to higher electric conductivity, enhanced bi-dimensionality and increased structural disorder as well. To account for these observations, an electrochemical model, which highlights the effect of structural disorder, will be presented.
In the latter core-shell approach, a polypyrrole (PPY)/maghemite hybrid was prepared by pyrrole polymerization on the maghemite nanoparticle surfaces. Electrochemical measurements showed that, contrary to microcrystalline one, nanocrystalline maghemite exhibits a rather large electrochemical capacity, in agreement with the proposed electrochemical model. However, only a partial reversibility was found. In addition to capacity increase, the polypyrrole-surface modification also enhanced the electrochemical reversibility of maghemite nanoparticles. The hybrids delivered more than 300 mAh/g in the potential range 1.3-4.3 V (vs. Li+/Li).