- Saturday, January 1, 2005
- Control of the lesser grain borer (Rhyzopertha dominica (F.), Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) by treatments with residual formulations of Metarhizium anisopliae (Metschnikoff) Sorokin (Deuteromycotina: Hyphomycetes)
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Treatments with conidia of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae formulated in invert emulsion (water-in-oil formulation) or in wheat flour were applied to Rhyzopertha dominica adults infesting Cicer arietinum grains. The application rates were 4.1×105 conidia/cm2 of treated area using a concentration of 1.8×107 conidia/ml of the invert emulsion and 8.2×106 conidia/cm2 of treated area using a concentration of 6.5×108 conidia/g of the wheat flour formulation. Results have indicated significant mortality (P<0.05) when newly emerged R. dominica adults were introduced and then treated with the invert emulsion and wheat flour formulations (86.7–93.3%, control treatment 10.0–26.7% mortality). When treated grains were left until the emergence of F1 adults, there was also significant mortality (P<0.05) in both treatments (28.3–60.0%, control treatment 1.7–8.3% mortality). This indicates a residual effectiveness of the treatment with the two formulations against R. dominica adults which extended to >2 months (equivalent to the duration of the insect life-cycle at 23±2°C and 75±5% r.h.). Infestation rate of C. arietinum grains by R. dominica at 23±2°C and 75±5% r.h. was significantly reduced in the treatments with the fungal conidia formulated in invert emulsion (0.7%) or in wheat flour (1.0%) when compared with the control treatment (19.0–23.3%). The preventive treatments significantly retarded R. dominica development (P<0.05) by 8–12 days compared with the control treatment. The infection with the fungus thus delayed adult emergence of R. dominica by 8–12 days. Overall results give promise for control of R. dominica with M. anisopliae mixed with wheat flour or introduced into invert emulsion.
Journal of Stored Products Research, Volume 41, Issue 2, 2005, Pages 221-229