- Monday, January 1, 2007
- Chemical Reaction Engineering Analysis of the Blowout Process for Bromine Manufacture from Seawater
- Published at:Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2007, 46 (10), pp 3008–3015
A chemical reaction engineering model has been constructed to describe the extraction and recovery of bromine from a once-through seawater flow. The process uses a closed-loop circulation flow of air. This strips out free bromine from pre-chlorinated seawater in a packed column. Bromine liberated into the gas reacts with injected sulfur dioxide around a circulation loop to form liquid droplets containing product hydrobromic acid captured by mist elimination. Excesses of chlorine and sulfur dioxide compete for bromine and can reduce the recovery efficiency. Pseudo-homogeneous gas-phase kinetics accounts for simultaneous absorption and gas−liquid reaction of liberated bromine, excess chlorine, and injected sulfur dioxide. Re-circulating sulfur dioxide subsequently absorbs and reacts simultaneously with bromine and chlorine stripping. Parameter values are deduced for typical bromine recovery of 70%. The model can be used for optimizing the excesses of chlorine and sulfur dioxide.